From American Statistical Association [ASA]

The demands for statistical literacy have never been greater. Good data sense is needed to easily read and make sense of media headlines.

The Pre-K–12 GAISE (guidelines for assessment and instruction in statistics education) II report presents a set of recommendations for school-level statistical literacy.


Steve Levitt, Freakonomics podcast, October 2, 2019:

I believe that we owe it to our children to prepare them for the world that they will encounter—a world
driven by data. Basic data fluency is a requirement not just for most good jobs, but also for navigating
life more generally, whether it is in terms of financial literacy, making good choices about our own
health, or knowing who and what to believe.


GAISE I primarily focused on traditional data types of quantitative and categorical variables and on study designs using small data sets of samples from a population.
“GAISE II incorporates the new skills needed for making sense of today’s multidimensional data while maintaining the spirit of GAISE I.  [P2, GAISE report]


GAISE II highlights:
1. The importance of asking questions throughout the statistical problem-solving process (formulating a statistical investigative question, collecting or considering data, analyzing data, and
interpreting results), and how this process remains at the forefront of statistical reasoning for
all studies involving data
2. The consideration of different data and variable types, the importance of carefully planning
how to collect data or how to consider data to help answer statistical investigative questions,
and the process of collecting, cleaning, interrogating, and analyzing the data
3. The inclusion of multivariate thinking throughout all Pre-K–12 educational levels
4. The role of probabilistic thinking in quantifying randomness throughout all levels
5. The recognition that modern statistical practice is intertwined with technology, and the importance of incorporating technology as feasible
6. The enhanced importance of clearly and accurately communicating statistical information
7. The role of assessment at the school level, especially items that measure conceptual understanding and require statistical reasoning involving the statistical problem-solving process


Read the press release for the GAISE II report 

Download and read the full GAISE II report

if you want to go back and see what is in the GAISE I report or view supporting documents click here

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